HEMP (Cannabis sativa)
Hemp is one of the oldest cultivars. Its natural origin lies in Middle-Asia and near The Himalayas. In China hemp has been cultivated for cloth fabric as long as 9 000 to 10 000 years.
Hemp varieties exists in dozens. Fiber and oil hemp cultivars are not to be connected to psychoactive substances. Their cultivation in EU is controlled firmly.
HEMP FITS ALL
Fiber-rich hemp does not contain gluten, so it is suitable i.e. for coeliac-friendly. Hemp is very low on allergens and germination decrease them further. Hemp seeds can be consumed by a large part of those who suffer from allergic reactions from other seeds. Hemp is a good alternative to nut allergic persons.
Hemp is suitable for ketogenic dietsince it contains only 2 % carbohydrates, 40 % soluble fibers, over 30 % healthy fats (omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in ideal balance 1:3) and 25 % protein.
Finnish hemp contains only small traces of heavy metals and is therefore suitable for pregnant and breast-feeding women totally safely up to 50 g daily. This recommendation falls below the limit values of Finnish Health Office (THL) for heavy metals. Information sources that recommend not to eat hemp seeds during pregnancy are based on Chinese hemp seeds, that contain much higher amounts of heavy metals.
Hemp does not need boiling or other pre-processing like peas and beans. It is edible as is.
Hemp seeds could basically provide a person for more than a year as a single solid food - they are so rich in nutrients!
(whole hemp seed)
Fats 30 %
Unsaturated fatty acids 90 % of total fats. Omega-3 (alphalinolenic acid, ALA 22%) and omega-6 (linolenic acid, LA 56%) in ideal balance of 1:3.
One table-spoonful of hemp seed oil or 34 grams of whole hemp seeds will provide a daily recommended amount (2 g) of omega-3 alphalinolenic acid (ALA).
Additionally gammalinolenic acid (GLA 4%) and stearidonic acid (SDA 2%).
Protein 26 %
Hemp contains all 9 essential amino acids. Total of 20 amino acids that the body can absorb. No equal can be found in other flora.
Fiber ca. 30 %
Fiber content of hemp seed is for the most part easily soluble nutritional fiber.
Carbohydrates only 2 %
In Finland, hemp has been cultivated for more than 3 000 years. Its long traditions were cut in the 1950s - 1960s when the officials mistakenly connected local northern varieties with foreign narcotic ones. This forced local hemp to extinction in Finland. Oil hemp cultivation re-emerged in 1995 with newly-developed FINOLA-variety.
Hemp is a soil improvement plant that enhances the growth conditions of the farmland and its lush canopy hinders the growth of weeds.
The need of fertilizers for hemp is light. Its place in crop rotation would be after nitrogen-binding plants. One fine crop-rotation plant for hemp is broad bean.
The growing season of hemp is relatively long, but in northern climatic conditions its nutritional content will develop and enrich uniquely.
Per hectar the yields in Finland range typically between 500–1 000 kg (depending on the soil type with large variance). Soft soil with organic matter is the best for hemp.
Finland's arctic climatic conditions hemp does not need, and it is not allowed to use, pesticides or herbicides since it has almost no pests or herbal diseases.
In Finland hemp cultivation seeds are never treated with industrial chemicals (i.e. against mold).
Trans-Farm Oy is the licenced retailer of EU-subsidiary-compatible hemp seeds licensed by Finola Oy.
If you are interested in cultivating hemp as contact farmer, contact us.
Hemp is excellent in fighting climate change: it captures carbon dioxide from atmosphere like no other plant.
Hemp fibers and hurds provide construction materials such as hemp-chalk composites in which carbon dioxide can be bound even for centuries. They also provide bio-composites to replace fossil plastic and of course long-lived clothing. The plant can be elaborated into tens of thousands of different products and could therefore replace massive amounts of fossil raw materials. Hemp could easily replace wood in paper industry, after all it was our first paper before modern industry.
Hemp has soil-improving features. Its cultivation requires no pesticides or herbicides as well as no industrial fertilizers.